This session will be a broad overview of an approach developed by William Miller and Stephen Rollnick, based on the principals of motivational psychology – i.e., what motivates people to change. Because we deal so often with clients who do not seem to be in “change mode” and can experience accompanying frustrations and stand-stills due to this, Motivational Interviewing is a particularly useful approach to learn. It helps the helper avoid being burned-out and discouraged; it assists the client in clarifying their own motivation to change.
Motivational Interviewing is broadly applicable; it is not limited to use by counselors. Essentially, it is a strategic communication style that helps individuals develop a commitment to change by facilitating their recognition of problem behavior and “building their own case for positive change”. It recognizes the stage of change a client is in as a guide to the kind of questioning and responses a helper gives. Excellent listening skills, effective questioning, and clarifying reflections and summarizations are some of the key elements of this approach (with the added benefit of giving helpers tools to utilize in personal relationships, as well). As such, it is a decidedly non-adversarial, non-confrontational means of coaching client motivation by helping clients see discrepancies in what they present, accept and resolve ambivalence they have about change, and initiate change by tapping into their own intrinsic values and goals. It keeps helpers from arguing and being frustrated with clients, and can easily be integrated into other approaches/styles of helping.
Clinical use has found Motivational Interviewing to reduce resistance to change, increase client willingness to participate in interventions, increase “change-talk” and change behaviors, improve compliance, and decrease staff stress and burnout. As such, it is highly useful to professionals with large caseloads, limited time, and a prevalence of clients not yet in change mode but with whom we are charged to encourage change.
This training, presented by Barb Orr, will be an hour and a half in duration and will be held virtually on Zoom.